The Obligation of Attahiyat in Prayer
Attahiyat is a very important supplication we repeat in our daily prayers. After completing the last sajdah of the second raka`h, one should raise his head saying: “Allahu Akbar“. Then, one sits the same as in between the two prostrations, putting one’s left hand on the left knee and right hand on his right knee. The fist of the right hand is to be fold up except for the index finger which is protruded. In this position, one should say, “At-Tahiyyatu Lillaahi was-salawaatu wat-tayyibaat. As-salamu ‘alayka ayyuha an-Nabiyyu wa rahmat-Allaahi wa barakaatuhu. As-salamu ‘alaynaa wa ‘ala ‘ibad-illah as-saliheen. Ash-hadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allah wahdahu lasharika lah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasoluh… (All compliments, prayers and pure words are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allah. I bear witness that there is no god except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger).
To know more about the virtues and importance of Attahiyat, you could watch this interesting talk with Dr. Muhammad Salah.